Tuesday, April 16, 2013

Travel Wonders of the Natural World: list of commonly used terms in Natural Tourism Industry from Geology & Geography

The creation of GOD is on top of the best. He made it all beautiful in His time. Below are the list of the wonders of the Natural World, the most famous, most popular attractions found in nature: a visible proof of the magnificence of the invisible Creator. There are man-made travel wonders of the world, but they are no match to the natural wonders of the Earth made by GOD.

Archipelago: group of scattered islands
-- Indonesia (largest archipelago in the World)
-- Philippines
-- Japan
-- New Zealand
-- United Kingdom 

Atoll: coral reef surrounding a lagoon
-- Saya de Malha Bank (largest submerged bank in the world), near Madagascar, AFRICA
-- Cay Sal Bank (Bahamas), CARIBBEAN
-- Rosalind Bank (Caribbean Sea), CARIBBEAN
-- Ari Atoll (Maldives), ASIA
-- North Atoll & South Atoll, Tubbataha Reef Marine Park, Palawan, Philippines, ASIA

Basalt: dark igneous rock
-- Columnar Basalt of Yellowstone National Park, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland, EUROPE

Barrier Reef: coral reef close to a shore separated by a lagoon
-- Great Barrier Reef (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Australia, OCEANIA
-- Belize Barrier Reef, Belize, CENTRAL AMERICA
-- New Caledonia Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, Melanesia, OCEANIA

Basin: depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor
-- Kalahari Basin
-- London Basin
-- Paris Basin
-- Appalachian Basin

Bay: water mostly surrounded by land; inlet of a sea, lake or pond
-- Horseshoe Bay (one of the most beautiful and popular bays in the world), Bermuda, CARIBBEAN
-- Magens Bay (one of the most famous bays in the world), US Virgin Islands, CARIBBEAN
-- San Francisco Bay, California, USA, NORTH AMERICA

Beach: area of sand or pebbles beside the sea; shore
(the most beautiful, most famous, most popular beaches in the world:)
-- Daytona Beach, Florida, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Copacabana Beach, Brazil, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Bondi Beach, Sydney, Australia, OCEANIA
-- Long Beach, California, USA, NORTH AMERICA

Bight: bend or curve; body of water bounded by a curve; shallower than a sound
-- Great Australian Bight
-- Bight of Bonny
-- German Bight
-- Southern California Bight
-- Bloody Bay and Jackson's Bight
-- Robson Bight

Butte: hill with a flat top and steep sides; smaller than mesa
-- Merrick's Butte in Monument Valley, Utah, USA
-- Black Butte, Oregon, USA
-- Signal Butte, Texas, USA

Caldera: large crater at the top of volcano
-- Ngorongoro Crater (Tanzania, Africa)
-- Aira Caldera (Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan)
-- Island Park Caldera (Idaho, Wyoming, USA)-- Sturgeon Lake Caldera (Ontario, Canada)

Canyon: a deep valley with high, steep sides usually with a stream of water
-- Grand Canyon, Grand Canyon National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Arizona, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Black Canyon of the Gunnison, Colorado, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, Wyoming, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Horseshoe Canyon, Alberta, Canada, NORTH AMERICA
-- Huasteca Canyon, Monterrey, Mexico, NORTH AMERICA
-- Sumidero Canyon, Chiapas, Mexico, NORTH AMERICA

Cape: a point or area of land extending into the water and has effects on the water currents
-- Cape of Good Hope
-- Cape Canaveral
-- Cape Greco
-- Cape Arkona
-- Cape Charles
-- Cape Engano (Philippines)

Causeway: raised path across a water
-- Giant's Causeway (basalt columns)

Cave (Cavern): a natural hole or space on the side of a mountain, hill, cliff or underground
-- Mammoth Cave (longest cave in the world, UNESCO World Heritage Site), Kentucky, USA
-- Jewel Cave near Custer, South Dakota, USA
-- Ox Bel Ha Cave System, Yucatan, Mexico
-- Voronya Cave, Abkhazia, Georgia
-- Optymistychna Cave, Ukraine
-- Wind Cave, South Dakota, USA
-- Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico, USA

Cay: small, low island composed largely of coral or sand; caye; key
-- Tobacco Caye, Dangriga, Belize, CENTRAL AMERICA
-- The Florida Keys, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Heron Island, Australia, OCEANIA
-- Warraber Island, Torres Strait, Australia, OCEANIA

Channel: the deeper navigable part of a river or strait; a narrow region of sea between two land masses
-- English Channel
-- Fort Point Channel, USA
-- American Narrows, USA
-- St George's Channel, UK (United Kingdom)
-- Agamemnon Channel, British Columbia, Canada
-- Schooner Channel, British Columbia, Canada

Cliff: a very steep, high face of rock or earth
-- Nanga Parbat's Rupal Flank in the Himalayas
-- White Cliffs of Dover, England
-- The Cliffs of Moher in Ireland
-- Trango Towers in Pakistan
-- Troll wall in Norway
-- Kalaupapa, Hawaii, USA
-- Mitre Peak, New Zealand
-- Mount Thor on Baffin Island, Canada

Coast: land next to a sea; seashore
-- coastline of Canada (longest coastline in the world)
-- coastline of Indonesia (2nd)
-- coastline of Greenland (3rd)
-- coastline of Russia (4th)
-- coastline of Philippines (5th)
Continent: one of the seven great masses of land on earth
-- North America
-- South America
-- Europe
-- Asia
-- Australia
-- Africa
-- Antarctica

Cove: an inlet on the shore; a small sheltered bay
-- Anzac Cove, Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey, EUROPE
-- Peggy's Cove, Indian Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada, NORTH AMERICA
-- Lambert's Cove Beach, Massachusetts, United States of America, NORTH AMERICA
-- Wethersfield Cove, Wethersfield, Connecticut, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- McWay Cove, California, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Lulworth Cove, Jurassic Coast, Dorset, England, UK (United Kingdom), EUROPE

Crater: a bowl-shaped depression that forms the opening of a volcano; a bowl-shaped depression on the ground formed by the impact of a falling meteorite from outer space
-- Ngorongoro Crater (Tanzania, Africa)
-- Taal Volcano Crater (Luzon, Philippines)
-- Crater Lake on Mount Mazama (Crater Lake National Park, Oregon, USA)
-- Mount Pleasant Caldera crater (New Brunswick, Canada)
-- Chesapeake Bay meteorite impact crater (Virginia, USA)
-- Haughton meteorite impact crater (Nunavut, Canada)
-- Kaali meteorite crater (Estonia)
-- The Siljan Ring meteorite crater (Sweden)
-- Nordlinger Ries meteorite impact crater (Germany)

Delta: a usually three-sided deposit of earth and sand that collects at the mouths of some rivers
-- delta Death Valley National Park, California, USA
-- Nile River delta, Egypt
-- Ganges Delta (Bangladesh and West Bengal, India)
-- Ural River delta (Russia and Kazakhstan)

Desert: a dry, barren, usually sandy region
-- Sahara Desert (largest hot desert in the world), Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Niger, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan,  Tunisia, AFRICA
-- Arabian Desert, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen, MIDDLE EAST
-- Gobi Desert, Mongolia  and China, ASIA
-- Kalahari Desert, Angola, Botswana, Namibia  and South Africa, AFRICA
-- Kyzyl Kum Desert, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan  and Turkmenistan, ASIA
-- Negev desert, Israel, MIDDLE EAST 

Divide: a ridge of land separating the regions drained by two rivers; a watershed; water parting; a continental drainage divide
-- Continental Divide of the Americas (Great Divide), NORTH AMERICA
-- Laurentian Divide or Northern Divide, NORTH AMERICA
-- St. Lawrence River Divide, NORTH AMERICA
-- Lunghin Pass, EUROPE
-- Great Dividing Range, AUSTRALIA, OCEANIA
-- Nile divide, AFRICA
-- Congo divide, AFRICA
-- Tibetan Plateau (Himalayas), ASIA
-- Himachal Pradesh (Indus-Ganges), ASIA

Dome: an arch-like, circular or elliptical formation or structure
-- Cima Dome, Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County, California, USA
-- Lassen Peak  Lava domes, California, USA
-- Mount St. Helens Lava domes, Washington, USA

Dune (sand dune): a hill or ridge of sand heaped up by the wind
-- Ilocos Norte Sand Dunes, Philippines, ASIA
-- Tottori Sand Dunes, Tottori Prefecture, Japan, ASIA
-- Winterton Dunes, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom (UK), EUROPE
-- Athabasca Sand Dunes, Athabasca Sand Dunes Provincial Park, Saskatchewan, Canada, NORTH AMERICA
-- Kelso Dunes, Mojave Desert, California, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Sand dunes of Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Maranhao, Brazil, SOUTH AMERICA

Estuary: broad mouth of a river that flows to the sea
-- River Thames Estuary, England, United Kingdom (UK)
-- River Nith Estuary, Scotland, United Kingdom (UK)
-- River Exe Estuary, England, United Kingdom (UK)

Falls: waterfalls; cascade
-- Angel Falls (tallest waterfall in the world), Venezuela, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Niagara Falls (the most famous waterfalls in North America, famous honeymoon destination in the world), Ontario, Canada, NORTH AMERICA
-- Rhine Falls (widest waterfall in Europe, one of the most romantic waterfalls in the world), Switzerland, EUROPE
-- Victoria Falls (the world's largest waterfall), Zimbabwe and Zambia, AFRICA
-- Waihilau Falls (the tallest waterfall in the United States of America), Hawaii, USA, OCEANIA
-- Hannoki Falls (tallest waterfall in Asia), Tateyama, Japan, ASIA
-- Iguazu Falls (one of the most popular waterfalls in South America and the world), Argentina, Brazil, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Dunn's River Falls (famous waterfall and popular tourist attraction in the Caribbean), Jamaica, CARIBBEAN

Firth: a narrow arm of the sea
-- Firth of Forth, Scotland, United Kingdom
-- Rough Firth, Scotland, UK
-- The Firth of Thames, New Zealand
-- Firth of Flensburg, Denmark and Germany

Fringing Reef: a coral reef close to a shoreline
-- fringing reef on Eilat coast, Israel, MIDDLE EAST
-- fringing reef in Maldives, ASIA

Fjord (fiord): long narrow bay of the sea between high cliffs
-- Scoresby Sund (longest fjord in the world), Greenland, Denmark
-- Sognefjord, Norway
-- Hardangerfjord, Norway

Forest: a large tract of land covered with trees; woodland
-- Tongass National Forest (largest national forest in the United States of America), Alaska, USA
-- Toiyabe National Forest, Nevada & California, USA
-- Virgin Komi Forests, Russia
-- Palatinate Forest (largest forest in Europe), Germany

Geyser: a spring that throws jets of hot water and steam at intervals
-- Castle Geyser (a major tourist spot in Yellowstone National Park), Wyoming, USA
-- Strokkur geyser (popular tourist attraction in Iceland), Iceland
-- Geyser in Andernach (a famous tourist spot in Germany), Germany

Glacier: a large mass of ice that moves slowly down a mountain or along a valley
-- Easton Glacier, Washington State, USA
-- Aletsch Glacier, Switzerland
-- Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentina

Gorge: a deep, steep, narrow valley
-- Bued Gorge, Benguet, Philippines, ASIA
-- Columbia River Gorge, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Linville Gorge Wilderness, North Carolina, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Bog Walk Gorge, Saint Catherine Parish, Jamaica, CARIBBEAN
-- Vikos Gorge, Vikos-Aoos National Park, Greece, EUROPE
-- Katherine Gorge of Nitmiluk National Park in Australia, OCEANIA

Grotto: a small cave
-- Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra) natural sea cave, Capri island, Anacapri, Naples, Campania, Italy
-- Tiberius grotto natural seashore cave, Bay of Naples, Italy

Gulf: an arm of the ocean or sea that is partially enclosed by land; (usually) larger than a bay
-- Persian Gulf, Southwest Asia
-- Gulf of Mexico, United States, Mexico, Cuba
-- Gulf of Aden, Yemen, Djibouti, Somalia
-- Gulf of Riga, Latvia, Estonia
-- Gulf of Bothnia, Finland, Sweden, Aland Islands
-- Gulf of Finland, Estonia, Finland, Russia

Hill: a small mountain
-- Chocolate Hills of Bohol Philippines,
-- Kilaneh Hills, Kurdistan Province, Iran
-- Hills in Judea, Israel
-- Stenshuvud hill, Sweden

Headland: a point of land extending out into the sea; a cape
-- Marin Headlands, California, USA
-- Young Nick's Head, New Zealand
-- Gibraltar, United Kingdom
-- North Cape, New Zealand
-- Cape Horn, Chile
-- Land's End, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom
-- Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada

Hot Spring: a natural spring with a temperature higher than its surroundings
-- Asin Hot Springs, Baguio city, Benguet, Philippines, ASIA
-- Calamba Hot Spring Resorts, Calamba city, Laguna, Philippines, ASIA
-- Surajkund hot spring (with natural healing properties), India, ASIA
-- Healthy hot spring for healing, Bath, Saint Kitts and Nevis, CARIBBEAN

Island: an area of land completely surrounded by water; smaller than a continent
-- Greenland (largest island in the world), Kingdom of Denmark
-- New Guinea
-- Borneo
-- Madagascar

Isle: small island
-- British Isles, Ireland & United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 
-- Isles of the Princes, Istanbul, Turkey
-- Isles of Shoals, New Hampshire and Maine, USA

Islet: a very small island
-- Penguin Islet, Tasmania, Australia
-- Westward Islet, Pitcairn Islands
-- Tindholmur, Faroe Islands
-- Monchique Islet, Azores, Portugal
-- Managaha, Saipan
-- Lihou Island, Bailiwick of Guernsey
-- Liancourt Rocks, Korea, Japan
-- Islets of Caroline Island, Kiribati
-- Bay Islet, Hong Kong
-- Filfla, Malta
-- Chao, Madeira Islands, Portugal

Isthmus: a narrow strip of land with water on each side, connecting two larger land areas
-- Isthmus of Kra, ASIA
-- Isthmus of Suez, Red Sea, MIDDLE EAST
-- Auckland isthmus, New Zealand, OCEANIA
-- Isthmus of Corinth, Greece, Mediterranean Sea, EUROPE
-- Isthmus of Avalon, Canada, NORTH AMERICA
-- Isthmus of Médanos, Venezuela, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Isthmus of Rivas, Nicaragua, CENTRAL AMERICA
-- Isthmus of Panama, Panama, CENTRAL AMERICA

Lake: a big body of water that is (usually) surrounded by land
-- Lake Superior (largest lake in the world and the largest of the five Great Lakes of North America), USA & Canada
-- Lake Baikal (deepest lake in the world), Siberia, Russia
-- Lake Tanganyika (longest lake in the world), Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania and Zambia
-- Ojos del Salado (highest lake in the world), Chile and Argentina
-- Dead Sea (lowest lake in the world), Israel and Jordan 

Lagoon: a body of shallow water or pool separated from the sea by reef, sand bank, etc.; the enclosed shallow water within a coral island
-- Blue lagoon, Oludeniz, Turkey
-- Lagoon of Venice, Italy
-- Lagoa Comprida, Azores, Portugal
-- Lagoa dos Patos lagoon, Brazil
-- Albufera freshwater lagoon, Valencia, Spain
-- Lagunas de Ruidera lagoons natural park, Spain

Lava: hot molten rock flowing from an erupting volcano or from a crack on the earth's surface

Mangrove: evergreen tropical trees/shrubs growing on marshes along the coasts
-- The Sundarbans (one of the largest mangrove forests in the world, UNESCO World Heritage Site), India (West Bengal), Bangladesh
-- New Zealand mangroves, New Zealand
-- New Guinea mangroves, Indonesia

Mesa: an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top; larger than butte
-- The Island in the Sky mesa, Canyonlands National Park, Utah, USA
-- Logudoro mesas in Sardinia, Italy
-- Cerro Negro mesa, Argentina

Monolith: a single large block of stone
-- Mount Augustus monolith, Western Australia, OCEANIA
-- Uluru monolith (Ayers Rock), Northern Territory, Australia, OCEANIA
-- La Peña de Bernal monolith, Mexico
-- Stawamus Chief monolith, Squamish, British Columbia, Canada
-- Beacon Rock, Columbia River Gorge, Washington, USA
-- Rock of Gibraltar, Gibraltar, United Kingdom (UK)
-- King Arthur's Stone, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom (UK)

Mountain: a landmass projecting above its surroundings; higher than a hill
-- Mount Everest (highest mountain in the world on the surface of the Earth), Himalaya Range, Nepal & China, ASIA
-- Cerro Aconcagua (highest mountain in the Americas, highest peak in South America), Andes Mountain Range, Argentina, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Mount McKinley or Denali (highest mountain peak in North America), Alaska Range, Alaska, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Kilimanjaro (highest mountain in Africa), Kilimanjaro Mountain Range, Tanzania, AFRICA
-- Mount Elbrus (highest mountain in Europe), Caucasus Mountain Range, Russia, EUROPE
-- Vinson Massif (the highest mountain in Antarctica), Ellsworth Mountains, ANTARCTICA
-- Puncak Jaya/Mount Carstensz/Carstensz Pyramid (highest mountain in the continent of Oceania, highest mountain in both Indonesia and Papua New Guinea), Sudirman Range, Maoke Mountains, Papua Province, Indonesia, ASIA & OCEANIA
-- Mount Kosciuszko (highest mountain in Australia), Kosciuszko National Park, Great Dividing Range, AUSTRALIA, OCEANIA  
-- Mount Apo (the highest mountain in the Philippines), Mindanao island, Philippines, ASIA

Meteorite: a stone, rock or metal from outer space that has fallen down to the earth
-- Allende (Chihuahua, Mexico)
-- Cape York meteorite, American Museum of Natural History, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA
-- Fukang meteorite, near Fukang, China
-- Hoba West meteorite (largest meteorite on planet Earth), Namibia, Africa

Ocean: any of the large bodies of salt water which together cover almost 3/4 of the total surface area of the earth
-- Arctic Ocean
-- Atlantic Ocean
-- Indian Ocean
-- Pacific Ocean
-- Southern Ocean

Peninsula: land almost surrounded by water
-- Korean Peninsula, North Korea & South Korea
-- Shiretoko Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan
-- Bataan Peninsula, Luzon, Philippines
-- Ca Mau Peninsula, Vietnam
-- Peninsula de Samaná, Dominican Republic
-- Barrio Obrero, Puerto Rico
-- Zapata Peninsula, Cuba

Plain: an extensive, flat or rolling area of treeless land
-- La Mancha plain, Spain
-- Limagne plain, Auvergne, France
-- Vaunage plain, France
-- Central Plain of China, China

Plateau: a wide, mainly flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land around it
-- Colorado Plateau (largest plateau in North America), Colorado, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Tibetan Plateau (largest and highest plateau in the world), Tibet, China, ASIA

Prairie: a wide, usually level area of grassland with very few or no trees
-- Pampas of Argentina
-- Canadian Prairies - Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta
-- Central Valley of California prairie
-- Great Plains - United States and Canada

Promontory: a natural elevation of land or rocks projecting out in a body of water
-- Rock Island promontory, West Cork, Ireland 
-- Erris Head promontory, Ireland
-- Forty Foot promontory, Dublin Bay, Ireland 

Rainforest: a region of dense forest or woodland with a canopy of evergreen trees, having heavy rainfall annually
-- Amazon Rainforest - Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana
-- Daintree Rainforest, Queensland, Australia
-- Congo Rainforest, AFRICA

Range: a long, large group of connected mountains
-- Ararat Mountain Range (Biblical Noah's Ark Landing), Turkey, EUROPE
-- Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Cagayan to Quezon province, Luzon island, Philippines, ASIA
-- Armenian Highland Mountain Range (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey), EUROPE & ASIA
-- The Himalaya Range/Himalayas (range having the highest mountains on the Earth's surface), Bhutan, People's Republic of China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Burma, Afghanistan, ASIA
-- Ocean Ridge (world's longest mountain range), WORLD oceans
-- Andes Mountain Range (longest continental mountain range in the world), Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela), SOUTH AMERICA
-- Appalachian Mountains (Newfoundland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama), USA & CANADA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Canadian Rocky Mountains (Rockies), Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks - UNESCO World Heritage Site, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada, NORTH AMERICA

Ravine: a long, deep, narrow gorge
-- Ravine Gardens State Park, Florida, USA
-- Babi Yar, Kiev, Ukraine
-- Barranco, Lima, Peru
-- Lake Avenue Park in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Reef: a ridge of rock, sand or coral at or near the surface of the water
-- Tubbataha Reefs, Sulu Sea, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan Province, Philippines
-- Recife coral reefs, Brazil
-- Andros, Bahamas Barrier Reef
-- Red Sea Coral Reef - Israel, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

Ridge: a long, narrow chain of hills or mountains; a long, narrrow stretch of elevated land; underwater mountain range (oceanic ridge)
-- Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, Appalachian Mountains (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, USA)
-- Blue Ridge Mountains (Georgia, Pennsylvania, USA)
-- The Black Hills Ridges, South Dakota, United States
-- Cocos Ridge
-- Explorer Ridge 
-- Chile Rise
-- American-Antarctic Ridge

River: a large natural stream of water flowing into a lake, sea, ocean, etc
-- Amazon River (longest river in the world and on Earth), Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
-- Nile River (2nd), Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo
-- Yangtze River (3rd), China
-- Mississippi – Missouri River (4th), United States, Canada
-- Yenisei – Angara – Selenga River (5th), Russia, Mongolia
-- Congo River (deepest river  in the world) - Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda
-- Puerto Princesa Subterranean River (previous record holder of the title as world's longest underground river), Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines

Rock: a large mass of stone
-- Rocks on Garden of the Gods Park, Colorado Springs, El Paso County, Colorado, United States of America
-- Igneous rocks in Chennai, India
-- Metamorphic rocks of Geirangerfjord, Norway

Safari Park: a large area of land where wild animals in their natural habitat can be visited by tourists and travelers
-- African Lion Safari, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
-- Tsavo East National Park & game reserve, Kenya

Sandbank (shoal, sandbar): a bank of sand below the surface of the sea or a river
-- Sandbanks Provincial Park, Lake Ontario, near Picton, Ontario, Canada
-- Igarassu sandbar beaches, Pernambuco, Brazil
-- Paulista sandbar beaches, Pernambuco, Brazil
-- Scilly Sandbank, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom

Sea: a great body of salt water partially or completely enclosed by land; smaller than an ocean
-- Arabian Sea
-- South China Sea
-- Caribbean Sea
-- Mediterranean Sea
-- Bering Sea,
-- Red Sea
-- Black Sea    
-- North Sea    
-- Baltic Sea         
-- Yellow Sea
-- Adriatic Sea

Seaway: a deep, inland waterway connected to the sea or ocean; sound

Shore: land along the edge
-- Point Reyes National Seashore, California, USA
-- Canaveral National Seashore, Florida, USA
-- Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts, USA   
-- Fire Island National Seashore, New York, USA

Sound: a long narrow passage of water that joins two larger bodies of water; a long narrow stream of water that separates an island and the mainland
-- Pillsbury Sound, United States Virgin Islands, CARIBBEAN
-- Core Sound in North Carolina, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Long Island Sound between Long Island, New York and Connecticut, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Campeche Sound in Campeche, Mexico, NORTH AMERICA
-- Frank Sound on Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, CARIBBEAN
-- Desolation Sound, Discovery Islands and British Columbia coast, Canada, NORTH AMERICA
-- North Sound, Virgin Gorda, British Virgin Islands, CARIBBEAN
-- Great Sound, Bermuda, CARIBBEAN
-- Rock Sound, Eleuthera, Bahamas, CARIBBEAN
-- King George Sound, Albany, Western Australia, OCEANIA

Spring: a natural stream of water flowing from the earth
-- Natural free flowing springs of San Fabian, Pangasinan, Philippines, ASIA
-- Natural springs on Mackinac Island in Michigan, USA, NORTH AMERICA
-- Natural spring of Sao Lourenco, Minas Gerais, Brazil, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Te Waikoropupu Springs, New Zealand, OCEANIA

Strait: a narrow channel connecting two larger bodies of water
-- Bab el Mandeb strait, Red Sea, Arabian Sea, MIDDLE EAST
-- Strait of Gibraltar, EUROPE
-- Strait of Magellan, SOUTH AMERICA
-- Bering Strait, ASIA and NORTH AMERICA

Table: a broad area of elevated land; tableland; plateau
-- Table Mountains of Poland and the Czech Republic
-- Table Mountain in New York, USA
-- Table Mountain in Butte County, California, USA
-- The Tafelberg table mountain in Suriname

Trench: a long, narrow, deep, steep depression in the ocean floor; a depression in the ground
-- Marianas Trench
-- Kermadec Trench
-- Rocky Mountain Trench (The Valley of a Thousand Peaks)

Trough: a basin-shaped depression; less steep than a trench
-- Cayman Trough, Caribbean Sea, Jamaica and Cayman Islands

Tundra: a vast, level plain without trees in the Arctic regions on Earth
-- Kongsfjorden tundra, Spitsbergen, Norway
-- Tundra in Alaska, USA
-- Tundra in Greenland, Kingdom of Denmark
-- White Mountains alpine tundra, New Hampshire, United States of America
-- Kerguelen Islands tundra, Antarctica

Valley (dale): a long depression or low land between hills or mountains
-- California Central Valley (United States)
-- Death Valley (California, USA)
-- Valley of the Kings (Egypt)
-- Valley of Mexico (Mexico)
-- Valley of the Sun (Phoenix, Arizona, USA)
-- Valley of flowers (India)
-- Santa Clara Valley/Silicon Valley (California, USA)
-- Upper Rhine Valley (France)
-- Loire Valley (France)
-- Nile Valley (Egypt)
-- Okanagan Valley (Canada)
-- Great Glen (Scotland, United Kingdom)

Volcano: an opening (in a hill or mountain) from which steam, lava and ashes come out
-- Ojos del Salado, Chile/Argentina, Andes Range, South America
-- Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Range, Africa
-- Elbrus, Russia, Caucasus Range, Europe
-- Pico de Orizaba, Mexico, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt Range, North America
-- Damavand, Iran, Alborz Range, Asia   
-- Mount Giluwe, Southern Highlands Range, Papua New Guinea, Australia, OCEANIA
-- Mount Sidley, Executive Committee Range, Antarctica
-- Mayon Volcano (Philippines)
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